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xuexiaochuangjianyu1956nian,youshanghaidiyiyixueyuan(xianfudandaxueshanghaiyixueyuan)fenqianlaiyuzujian,yuanmingzhongqingyixueyuan,1985niangengmingweizhongqingyikedaxue。

重医故事

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立心天地为家国 甘洒热血谱春秋——记我国著名骨科专家吴祖尧教授丨重医春秋

发布时间: 2020-08-07阅读量: []

吴祖尧    


   



     

     

人物名片


     

     


wuzuyao(1918.6.12-1997.10.18),jiangsuchangshuren,zhuminggukexuezhuanjia,xinzhongguogukechuangshirenzhiyi。1944nianbiyeyuguolishanghaiyixueyuan,yuanshangyifushuhuashanyiyuangukefuzhuren。1944nianzhi1948nianzaishanghaiyixueyuanfushuzhongguohongshizihuidiyiyiyuanhezhongshanyiyuanrenzhi。1948nianqiuqizaishanghaiyixueyuanfushuzhongshanyiyuan、huashanyiyuanrengukezhuzhiyishi、gukefuzhuren、fujiaoshou。1956nianlvxianzaiguoneigdzhenrenjingjingqianluzhuijianpanzhaichushu,kaichuangjizhuwaikeshoushuxinlingyu。

GD真人1958nianxiqianlaiyucanyuzhongqingyixueyuanjianshe,chuangjianzhongyifushudiyiyiyuanguke,1959nianzhi1983niandanrengukezhuren。cengrenzhonghuayixuehuigukexuefenhuifuzhurenweiyuan、mingyuzhurenweiyuan,《zhonghuagukezazhi》fuzhubiandengzhiwu,zuoweizhuyaochengyuancanyubianxiequanguoshoubuyikeyuanxiaotongbianjiaocai《waikexue》、zhongguowaikejuzhu《huangjiasiwaikexue》(gukexuefenpian)yijizhongguoshoubu《gukeshoushuxue》《jiaoxingwaikexue》,yiyou《linchuangwaikelixuezhenduan》。



       
       

       



         

余光中先生曾说: “敢在时间里自焚,必在永恒里结晶。”今天(2020年8月1日,旧历6月12日),是吴祖尧教授诞辰102周年纪念日。GD真人1997年10月18日,吴祖尧为他终生热爱的骨科事业燃尽了最后的火焰,他的一生,是燃烧的一生,是奉献的一生,是散发光和热的一生。在这个特殊的日子里,我们谨以此文纪念吴祖尧教授为中国骨科事业奋斗的一生!



       
       

       


1958niandedongtian,duiyudangshinianjinjiusuidewuzhizhenglaishuo,shiyongyuannanwangde。neigedongtian,tahejiarenyiqigaobielefanhuadedadoushishanghai,quwangxibuluohoudeshanchengzhongqing。xiaoxiaodetahaibudongdefumuweiheyaolikaineigeyuanbenmeilishushidejia,qudaoyigeyaoyuaneryoumoshengdedifang。


12yuedezhongqingyinlengchaoshi,zhangjiangyujialingjiangjiaohuichudechaotianmenmatousuizhemusesihejianjianyinqulebairidexuanxiao。zhidaowuyeshifen,minzhonglunjianjianshirulegangkou,yiduifufuchanfuzheyiweilaoren,xiezhesigenianyoudehaizi,congchuanshanghuanhuanzouxia,chilieryoujiandingdiyanzhechaotianmenmatouneibilieryouquzhedeshijieshijiershang。zheiduifufujiushiwuzhizhengdefuqinhemuqin。tamenqitianqiancongshanghaichufa,yilusujiangershang,zhanzhuanqianli,zhongyudidalezheizuozuguoxibudeshancheng。nianyoudewuzhizhengdangshihaimeiyishidao,cihou,zhongqing,jiangchengweitamendedierguxiang。ertadefuqin——woguozhuminggukexuezhuanjia、xinzhongguogukechuangshirenzhiyiwuzuyaojiaoshou,quezaoyizhunbeihaoleyaojiangyushengderexuehuisazaizheipianchongmanxiwangercikequelvexianpinjidetudishang。



一张珍藏多年的《大公报》


zheishiwuzuyaodiercilaizhongqingle。diyicitashangzheipiantudideshihou,tahaishiguolishanghaiyixueyuandeyimingxuesheng,shanghailunxianhou,wuzuyaobuyuanzairikoudetietixiashenghuo,yiransuishangyideshishengmenzhanzhuanqianli,qianwangzhongqinggeleshanjixuwanchengxueye。zhanshidegeleshan,suirantiaojianshifenjianku,danxuexiaoduiyuxueshengdexueyeyaoqiuquemeiyousihaofangsong,shenzhiweilebaozhengjiaoxuezhilianghexiaoguo,zhidinglegengjiayangedetaotaizhidu。dangshidiyixueqikaixueshiyou108mingxuesheng,daoleernianjijiuzhishengxia52ming,dengdaosannianjizhiyou30duorenle。zaizheizhongyangedetaotaizhiduxia,wuzuyaoyu1944nianshunlibiye,jinrushangyifushuhongshizihuidiyiyiyuanhezhongshanyiyuanrenzhi。1946nian,shangyiqianhuishanghai,wuzuyaoxianhouzaizhongshanyiyuan、huashanyiyuanrengukezhuzhiyishi。


     

GD真人1944nian,shangyibiyeshengzaizhongqingheying,dierpaizuoyiweiwuzuyao


1948nian,sanshisuidewuzuyaokaoquleyingguohuangjiayixueyuan,zhunbeichuguoliuxue。dangshiguoneigedixiangjijiefangdexiaoxibuduanchuanlai,wuzuyaoduijijiangdanshengdexinzhongguochongmanlexiangwang,huaizhebaoxiaozuguodeyuanwangyijiduiweilaiguoneiyixuefazhandechongjing,tayiranfangqilechuguoliuxuededejihui,yiyikeaiguozhixinzhagenyuzuguodeyixueshiye。


wuzhizhengdaoxianzaiyiranbaocunzheyizhangzhenguidejiubaozhi,neishiyizhang1952niande《dagongbao》。zuoweijiazhongdezhangzi,taduifuqinyouzhegengshendechongbai。zaijieshoubizhecaifangshi,wuzhizhengxiaoxinyiyidicongwenjiandailiquchuneizhangfanhuangdebaozhi,zhizheshangmiankandengdeyipiangdzhenrenfuqindebaodao,jidongzhiqingyiyuyanbiao。20shiji50niandaichu,kangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengbaofa,yiliaoqicaichengweifuchaozhiyuanjundejixupin,qizhongshigaoshabujiushizhuyaojunxupinzhiyi。dangshiguoneihaibunengshengchanzheizhongshabu,quankaojinkou,ziyuanshifenjinque。meiyoushigaoshabu,zenmezhiliaoduangutuojiudenggushangni?wuzuyaojuexinzixingyanzhi,ruguochenggongle,jitianbuleguoneiyiyongcailiaodekongbaiyouweiguojiajianshaolewaihuizhichu,gengmanzulejunxuheminjianshangbingyuandexuyao。yushitajikeqinglailefangzhichangjishuyuanbangzhuzuoxiaomoxing,chayueledaliangcankaoshuji,xunzhaobanfahelinggan,jingguolejinsangeyuedefanfugaijin、shiyan,zuizhongqudelechubuchenggong。


     

大学时期的吴祖尧


1951年,上海市GD真人赴朝鲜前线医疗大队,从事创伤外科专业的吴祖尧毅然报名,在枪林弹雨中进行战地抢救工作,战场上他发现石膏纱布成为了更加稀缺和珍贵的资源。回国后,他继续投入到石膏纱布的研制中,最终取得了很好的效果。1952年12月16日的《大公报》以《上海医学院骨科医师吴祖尧试制国产石膏纱布成功》为题报道: “上海医学院外科学院骨科医师吴祖尧在工作中发挥了创造精神,试制国产石膏纱布成功,打垮了美帝的封锁阴谋,并为祖国创造了亿万财富……以全国统计,每月节约达600亿元(旧币)以上。现吴祖尧医师为了进一步求得医疗器材的改进,正从事石膏内垫物棉花纸的研究工作。


   

1952nian12yue16ri,dagongbaogdzhenrenwuzuyaoshizhiguochanshigaoshabuchenggongdebaodao


GD真人shigaoshabudeshizhichenggong,shiwoguojianliqilezijideshigaoshabushengchangongye,tianbulezhongguobunengshengchanshigaoshabudekongbai。1956nian,jianyuwuzuyaozaiyixueshangdechengjiuhebuduandechuangzaofaming,tahuodeleyouchenyishizhangqinziqianminghebanfadeshanghaishixianjingongzuozhejiangzhuang,bingshouyaoqubeijingcanjialeguoqingdianliheguoqingzhaodaiwanyan。


     

GD真人wuzuyaozaibeijingcanjiatiananmenguoqingguanli


wuzuyaoyishengzhongcenghuodeduocijiangli,weiduduizheizhangjiangzhuangshiweizhibao,yizhixuanguazaijiali,zhiyinweiyouchenyishizhangdeqinbiqianzi。tajingpeichenyiyuanshuaiyishengguangmingleiluo,aogulinran,zheiyechengweiwuzuyaoyishengweirenchushidexinnian。



心怀家国使命 虽万难亦往矣


jiuzaiwuzuyaodeshiyerurifangshengdeshihou,zhongyangjuedingjiangyanhaibufengaoxiaoqianwangneidi,bingguliguangdazhishifenzitoushenxibujianshe,qizhongshanghaidiyiyixueyuanfenqianzhongqingjianlizhongqingyixueyuan。dangshidewuzuyaoyijingshishanghainaizhiquanguoyiliaoweishengjieyoumingwangdeyisheng,youzhexingfudejiating,meilideqizihesigekeaidehaizi。liuzaishanghai,duishiyedefazhan、haizideweilai、jiatingdeshenghuodoudayoubiyi,keshisheiyemeiyouxiangdao,tameiyousihaoyouyu,bianyiranfangqileshanghaiyouyuedeshenghuotiaojianyijiduoniandapinxiadeyeji,jujiaxiqianzhongqingcanyuzhongqingyixueyuanjiqifushuyiyuanjianshe。


   

1958nian12yue,wuzuyaozaifuyudelunchuanshangweiqizihehaiziliuying


duiyucengzaizhongqingshenghuoguodewuzuyaolaishuo,tashenzhiciqujiangyaomianduidejiannan,dantadeneixinquehenjianding,tazhiyouyigeyuanwang,jiushibazhongqingyixueyuanjianshehao,rangzheisuoxinxingde、weiyuzuguoxinanbudeyixueyuanzhenzhengfuwuyudangdibaixing,fuwuyuzuguodeyiliaoweishengshiye。tazhidaozheishizuguoherenmindexuyao,yishitaxinzhisuoxiang,nengbarexuehehanshuihuisazaizuguozuixuyaodedifang,zhengshitayizhibingchidechuxin!


   

1958nian8yue,wuzuyao(qianpaizuosan)fuyuqianyushangyiwaiketongshiheying


xiqianshiyijianzhuangju,danbushimeigerendouyouzheiyangdeyongqi。wuzuyaoyecengdanxinqizihaizihuixinyoubuyuan,tashenzhizuohaoleyujiarenzhangqifengeliangdidexinlizhunbei。ranerjiarenquejiletamodadeanwei。wuzuyaodeqizizhutiaohuabiyeyushanghaihongshizihuiyixueyuangaojihushixueyuan,yuanshishangyizhongshanyiyuanerkebingfangdefuhushizhang。cicizhiyuanjianshezhongqingyixueyuanyuanbenmeiyouta。wuzuyaodasuanzijidailianggehaiziquzhongqing,qizihelingwailianggehaiziliuzaishanghai。keshizhutiaohuabuyuanyi。tazhaodaoyiyuanlingdao,jianjueyaohezhangfuyidaolaizhongqing,buyuanguoyijiarenfenjuliangdiderizi: “tadouqule,alayeyidaoqu!yijiarenbufenli!”erdangshi,tamenzuidadehaizicai9sui,zuixiaodehaizijin1sui。


   

1958nian,wuzuyaoyuzhutiaohuajiehunshizhounianjinianzhao


GD真人xianshiyuanbixiangxianggengweicanku,chudaozhongqing,pumianerlaidekunnanyirushengxiadedayu,laibujichengsan,bianyiqingpenerxia。duiyuwuzhizhenglaishuo,neiduanjiankudesuiyue,zaitaxinliliuxialehuizhibuqudejiyi,jishinianhoudejintian,tayirannengqingchudijidedangshiyouxiaoxinlingsuoganshoudaodejudaluocha。“womenyuanlaizaishanghaizhuzhesancengloudelianpaibieshu,loushanglouxia,diandengdianhua,kedaolezhongqing,jiatusibi,diyiwanwomendoushuizaidishang,muqinzhinenglianyeshoushi,neiganjuetaiqiliangle。”wuzhizhengyiqiwangshi,zhidaojianku。


然而真正的困难还在后面。到重庆的第二年,便遇上了三年困难时期,吴祖尧一家人口本就多,这一来连温饱也成了问题。加之建院初期,工作繁重,吴祖尧除工作外还要含辛茹苦地支撑着一个大家庭。二儿子吴志东曾回忆: “重庆的夏天酷热难耐,附一院的手术室里还没有空调,只能用冰块和电扇降温,一个大手术下来,父亲汗流浃背,几乎昏厥;晚上没有电,柴油机突突的声音只能使几瓦的小灯泡微微发亮,父亲还要看书写教案……


   

50niandai,wuzuyao(zhongjian)zaiweigushangbingrenshangshigao


erzuirangwuzhizhengyinxiangshenkedezeshifuqinshufanglinongyudeyanweihedengguangxiahuangdongderenying。“meiwandaolefuqingongzuodeshijian,muqinbianbuxuwomenchaonao,yushiwomendouzaozaotangzaichuangshang,fuqinjiuzuozaizijideshuzhuoqianmaitougongzuo,weilebaochiqingxing,tabutingdichouyan,xiaoxiaodefangjianliyanwuliaorao、yanweimiman;muqinyinweibaitianyaoshangban,zhinengliyongwanshangdeshijianzuojiawu,weilebudaraofuqin,tameigedongzuodougewaixiaoxin。”


GD真人linchuangyiliao、jiaoxuerenwu、keyangongzuo、chuangjianguanli……gaoqiangdudegongzuo,jiashangshenghuoshangdekunnan,bujiu,wuzuyaohuanshangleganyan,tizhongrijianxiajiang,shenshangdeyifufangfoyedaleyihao。kedangshisigehaizizhengshizhangshentideshihou,wuzuyaozhinengtuozhebingtizaifangqianwuhouyiqiekeliyongdetudishangwatu、shifei,zhongzhinangua、hongshuyibuchongduanquedeliangshi,zijizeyongniupicai、tengtengcaichongji,bajieshengxiadekouliangrangjizhengchuyufayuzhongdehaizimen。


   

GD真人1959nian,wuzuyaoyijiarenzaizhongqingxijiaogongyuan


让吴祖尧没有想到的是,妻子也一直在默默地为他分担。当时做小儿科护士长的朱苕华,为了给日渐消瘦的吴祖尧和孩子们补充营养,悄悄地瞒着家人多次去输血,只为换取几斤黄豆和少量猪肉。若不是她多次昏倒,这也许将成为永久的秘密。谈及此事,吴志正兄妹伤怀落泪: “即使在那样困苦的岁月里,父母仍然谆谆教导我们,要正直做人,踏实做事,勤奋学习,努力工作。长大后才明白父母为我们兄妹四人的成长所付出的辛苦,所谓大爱无言,也只有我们自己做了父母后才真正懂得。”



眼有星辰大海 心系劳动群众


GD真人xiguanyangwangxingkongderenzongnengzainijingzhongkandaoxiwang。jiuzaizheipianbierenkanlaimanyanhuangwudetudishang,wuzuyaoquekandaolewuxiankeneng。kaichuangxintiandidereqingchongchizhetadeshenjing,tahuaizhemanqiangrechen,xunsutourudaozhongyidejianshedangzhong。


重医附一院骨科刚创建时,医生少、病房小,先后和神经外科、胸外科合在一起,床位有限,往往供不应求。吴祖尧多次找到院领导,要求扩大病房、发展骨科。他说: “重庆是工业城市,厂矿多,军工企业多,基层工人、劳动大众多,劳动强度大,容易受伤。”然而当时由于各种原因,吴祖尧的建议没有得到采纳,但这丝毫没有打消他的积极性。他常在科室里说: “骨伤病的患者大多是普通劳动群众,是穷人的病,我们骨科就是为劳动大众服务的。”这也是吴祖尧选择骨科专业的初心。


   

bufenxiqianzhuanjiaheying(qianpaiyouqi: bichanqin、lingluoda,houpaiyouqi: wangmingqi、wuzuyao、liuyuehan、lizongming)


GD真人1964niandeyitian,fuyiyuansonglaileyiweizhongshangyuan,yuanlaishicaiyuanbameichangdeyiweidongxinggongren,gongzuoshiyoushoubeibeijuanjinlejuanyangjili,budanduankoubuqi,erqiefudaizhoubiandepifusilie,gengkepadeshimeihuiyijinghezheshenchudexianxuebashoushangdebuweiranchengleheihuhudeyipian。


GD真人“renmendeshenghuogongzuoxuyulibukaishou,yigerenmeiyouleshou,qirenshengshijiehuijiongranbutong,hekuangyigekaoshougongzuo、shenghuodeputonggongren。”wuzuyaoxinxiang,“zijishigukeyisheng,jiushiweihuanzhejiejuekunnande。yaojinzuidadekeneng,burangdongshifushiquzheizhishoubei。”congyiyilai,wuzuyaozuoguolebushaoshejigukedegaonandushoushu,buguo,tahaicongweizuoguoduanzhizaizhi,hekuanghaishizheizhongchuangkoubuzhengqi,qiezhanranlebushaomeihuideduanzhi!


“必须尽全力挽救他这只手!”吴祖尧迅速召集相关医生、护士,三言两语做了布置,然后亲自操作,清洗创面,去掉坏死的部分,找出细小的血管、肌腱……经过一场紧张复杂的手术,董师傅的右手断肢最终再植成功,恢复了健康后还能够提起一定的重物。这成为重庆市第一例成功的断肢再植手术,也是当时全国最高水平的骨外科手术病例。


   

GD真人1964nian,wuzuyaochenggongshishizhongqingshidiyiliduanzhizaizhishoushu


wuzuyaofeichanglijiejicenglaodongrenmindejiku,tazuidadeyuanwangjiushiweilaodongzhejiechutongku。sannianziranzaihaishiqi,youyuyingyangbuliangdengduozhongyuanyinzaochenglehenduogouloubinghuanzhe,ergouloubingzaochengde“0”“x”xingtui,duishenxincuicanhenda,laodongjiuye、shehuifuli、shenxinjiankangdengdouhuishoudaoyingxiang。zhiliaogouloubingbujinshigerenjijiatingdexuyao,yeshiguoqingdexuyao。wuzuyaolipaiyiqiefeiyi,gdzhenrengouloubingdejiaoxingshoushu,bingdailingkeneitongzhidaojicengyiyuan,zhidaojicengdanweigdzhenrenzhiliao。


GD真人zaizhiliaoguochengzhong,wuzuyaofaxianyouxiehuanzhejizhuyanzhongbianxing,chengweishehuishangtongchengdetuobei。huanzhebudanxinzhongtongku,shenghuobubian,erqiehaiyaozaoshoudeyiyangyanguanghuoqishi。zuoweigukeyisheng,wuzuyaofeichanglijietamen,fanshilaiyingzhende,tadoureqingjiedai,fanyuanzuoshoushude,zejinxinjinlidiweiqijiaozheng。


   

70niandai,wuzuyao(qianpaiyouer)shenruchangkuangpeixunjicengyisheng


GD真人youyici,yigebeibuwanqushifenlihaidebingrenlaidaofuyiyuanzhimingyaoguawuzuyaodehao,guahaoyuanwenta: “nikanshenmebing?”tafanguoyoushou,pailepairugongyiyangdebei: “jiukanzheige,wotingshuonimengukeyougexingwudeyisheng,yijingzhihaolejigetuobeile。”


jiandaolewuzuyao,taxiangxishuominglezijidebingyin,yibingdaochuleduonianlaichengshoudeqishihetongku。zuihoutashirandishuo: “wuyisheng,nifangxinzuo,chenggongle,shiwoyibeizidexingfu;buchenggong,yesuanwojiyixuezuolegongxian!”


GD真人zheigehuanzhedetuobeijizhuwanqujin80du,yaojiaozhengguolai,fengxianjida。wuzuyaohetongshiyidao,fanfufenxiyanjiu,zhidingyuan,jinliangbabaifenzhiyi、qianfenzhiyidefengxianpaichu。zheichangshoushuyizhijinxingleshiduogexiaoshi,dangtafangxiaqixie,tuoxiashoushufuhou,jihutandaozaiyizishang。


   

wuzuyao(qianpaiyousi)、zhutiaohua(qianpaiyousan)yuguketongshiheying


bujiu,zheiweihuanzhequanyuchuyuan,wanquanhuanleyifushenban,renyedouranbiangaole。tamanhuaiganji,daileliwuzhuanchenggandaowuzuyaojialibiaodaxieyi,beiwuzuyaowanyanxiejuehou,tajingbaliwusaidaowuzuyaohuailizhuanshenjiupao,rangtameixiangdaodeshi,wuzuyaozhuichuquhaoyuanhaishijiangliwuhailehuiqu。wuzuyaoshuo: “jibingrenzhibing,shiwomenyishengdebenzhihezeren,meiyoushenmetebiedegonglao。”


congci,“zhongyifuyiyuangukedewuyishengnengbatuobeizhengzhi”dexiaoxibujingerzou。yushi,haoduoweiwanqujinqibashidudejizhuibingbianbingrenwenxunerlai,jingguowuzuyaojitongshijingzhandeyishuhou,tingzhileyaogan。shehuishangyeyoulechuanyan: “fuyiyuandedamentaishenqile,tuobeizoujinqu,tingzhilezouchulai。zheibizhimakaimendeneigemenhailihai!”


   

GD真人1961nian,zaijiduankunnandetiaojianxia,shougulinxundewuzuyao(you)rengjianchiyanjiuyundongsunshang


dangshidezhongqing,youyujiantiao、beikangdezhongtililaodongzhejiaoduo,yaojilaosun,yaotuitong、zuogushenjingtongchengweichangjianbing、duofabing,qierongyifufa。yushi,wuzuyaoyanjiuyingmowaidianyezaoyingyibangzhuzhenduan,chengweidangshiguoneilingxiandekeyan。tahailingdaokeyanzudelinchuangyishengzhuanmencongshizhenduiruangdzhenrensunshangdeyanjiu,zuizhongyanjiuchuyizhengtaozonghezhiliaodefangan,chengweiruangdzhenrensunshangdechangguizhiliaofangfazhiyi。


sannianjingjikunnanshiqi,yijinggushouruchaidewuzuyaohaibaxueshengjiaodaoshiyanshidangyundongyuanmote,zixiguancharentiyundongshiguge、jiroudexiangduibianhua。duonianxialai,jiluledaliangdekeyanshujuheziliao,xieleduopianyanjiulunwen,zuihouzongjiechuzhiliaoyaojisunshangzhusheyaowudezuijiapeifang,bingzaishijianzhongqudelianghaoxiaoguo。youci,zheiyichangjianbingdezhiliao,huodelelilun、jiaoxue、linchuangyiliaoshangdefazhan,yinianniandichuanchengxialai。



不疯魔不成活 开创骨科治疗新路径


suoweibufengmobuchenghuo。wuzuyaoduigukedereaishikejinguzilide,zhengrurenmensuoshuo: “tashiweigukeershengde!”chengrushi,rujindezhongyifuyiyuangukezaiwuzuyaodenglaoyibeigukezhuanjiadedianjixiayijingfazhanzhuangda,zaixinanpianquyijiquanguojunyouyidingdeyingxiang,kesheiyounengwangjineixienianwuzuyaoweitafuchudexinxueni?


终其一生,吴祖尧都在为骨科的发展奋斗,可是,他人生中精力、智慧最丰富的十年却被文革夺去了。文革结束后,全国GD真人了科学大会,吹响了向科学进军的号角。为了弥补那失去的十年,吴祖尧比以前更加拼命了。他说: “时不我待,人民群众需要我们搞出新的东西,我们必须争分夺秒。


   

GD真人wuzuyaozhidaonianqingyishenggongzuo


GD真人congshigukeyanjiuduonian,wuzuyaoyizhiweizhiliaoguzheyuhexunzhaozuiyoufangan,zheishiyixiangzhangyuandekeyan,duoshaonianlai,qiongjinlezhongwaiyidaidaiyishengdezhihui,zhijinrengshichuangshangyanjiuketizhiyi。wuzuyaochayueledaliangdeziliaohewenxian,jiejinquanlixunzhaotupokou。zhongyu,tufeimengjindeshengwuyixueshitadedaoleqifa,youcilakailetansuoshengwugujizhidanbai(bmp)zuoweiguzheyuhedetianchongcailiaodemubu。


GD真人danshiguzhidanbaitichuntanherongyi!guowaiyouyongniugu、tuguzuocailiaode,genjuwoguoguoqing,xuyizhuguweicailiao。zhuguyaofensui,xuyaogangmo,haidexiangzhonggangshejiyuanqujieyong,tichunyikegujizhidanbai,dayuexuyaozhugu1300gongjin。congshiduonianlinchuanggongzuodeyishengyaozuoshiyanshiyanjiugongzuojiudecongtouxueqi,youqishixinyingdemianyishiyanshidejianli,gengdeyibubudexuexi,zhangwojishufangfa。


   

80niandai,wuzuyao(zuoyi)dailingyanjiushenggongkebmp


wuzuyaodailingyanjiushengjingguoliangnianshijiandejianxinshiyan,zhongyucongshiheguoqing、jialianyidedezhuguzhongchenggongditichunlebmp,shiwoguochengweishijieshangdisangenengtichunbmpdeguojia。danggaiyanjiuxiangmudelunwenfabiaohou,mei、fa、de、bi、helan、xibanya、ruidian、jieke、xiongyalidengguodetongxingfenfenxiexinlaisuoquhezixunxiangguanziliao。meiguokangnaierdaxuefushuyiyuangengshiteyaowuzuyaoqumeiguojinxingxuezhefangwen,bingjuxingleduochangyanjiang。


   

wuzuyaozaimeiguokangnaierdaxuezuoxueshubaogao


ranerxianyourenzhidaodeshi,wuzuyaozaigongkebmpzheiyinanguandetongshi,haiguanzhuqilefunvxiaozubing。bujinweizujidezhiliaoqudelexindejinzhan,haidedaoxueshujiedezhongshi,beitongjidaxueshirenxiaozhangqiufazuyuanshitebiebianru《huangjiasiwaikexue》,weiyixueshitianbulezheiyilingyudekongbai。


GD真人1987nian,ribengdzhenrendiliujieshijiegukenianhui,yaoqingsanshiduogeguojiadezhuanjiachuxihuiyi,wuzuyaoyizhongguodaibiaochuxihuiyi,huishangyongchunzhengliulideyingyuzuojingzhandezhugutichun bmplunwenbaogao,hongdonglehuichang。zuihoubeigeguodetongxinggongtongtuijianweidaibiao,zaidahuishangzhici,weizhongguozhengdelerongyu。tazihaodixiangquanshijiexuanbuzhongguodeyixuekexuejieyijingmairushijiexianjinxinglie,zaimouxielingyudekeyanchengjiu,chuyulingxiandiwei。birutazhugongdebmp yiyongyulinchuang,ermeiguo、xioudengguohaitingliuzailiangxingliu(yang)gubingsunjieduan。


   

wuzuyao(yousan)yumeiguoxuezhejinxingjiaoliu


GD真人zheiyichuangxinyanjiuchengguo,kaichuanglegukezhiliaodexinlujing,juyoulichengbeideyiyi,guojiaweishengbushouyukejijinbuerdengjiang。zheishiwuzuyaozhongduoyanjiuchengguozhongronghuodezuigaorongyu,dangrenmenzhengxiangzhuheshi,taqueshuo: “chengjishidajianuliqudede,wozhishiqiangetouer!”


GD真人1989nian10yue,zhonghuayixuehuigukexuehuidisanjiequanguodaibiaodahuizaizhongqingyikedaxuelongzhongjuxing,yiqianduoweilaiziquanguogedidegukejietongrencanjialehuiyi,wuzuyaozhuchidahuibingfabiaozhuzhiyanjiang,zaizhongguoyixueshishangxiexialeguanghuideyiye。wuzuyaojiaoshoudemingshengyecongcixiangchezhongguogukexuejie。raner,weilechoubeiciciquanguoxinghuiyi,wuzuyaotourulequanbudejinglihexinxue,tabugushenxinjiankang,riyecaolao,qinliqinwei,kefuzhongzhongkunnan,qingqiquanlijinxinggdzhenrenhechoubeigongzuo。youyuyanzhongtouzhilejiankang,bujiuhoutazhongyinxinjigengsaidiyicitandaozailebingchuangshang。


   

1989nian,zhonghuayixuehuigukexuehuiquanguodaibiaodahuizaizhongyijuxing(qianpaiyousiweiwuzuyao)


wuzuyaoyishengqianxinkeyan,zaiguoneiwaizhumingzazhishangfabiao《youdaochengguyuguxingchengfashengdanbai》、human bone matrix gelatin in clinical usedengxueshulunwen60yupian,zuoweizhuyaochengyuancanyubianxiequanguoshoubuyikeyuanxiaotongbianjiaocai《waikexue》、zhongguowaikejuzhu《huangjiasiwaikexue》yijizhongguoshoubu《gukeshoushuxue》《jiaoxingwaikexue》dengzhuzuoshiduobu。


GD真人1989nianchu,《huangjiasiwaikexue》kaishixiudingdiwuban,wuzuyaofuzegukefenpiandebianxie,taweicifuchulejudadexinxue。zaiwuzhizhengdejiyizhong,fuqinfangfowushugeyewandouzaishuzhuoqianfenbijishu,“neishihoufuqinshuzhuoshangzongshiduizhehouhoudegaojian,tacongburangwomenpeng。”wuzhizhengduifuqindeshuzhuochongmanlehaoqi,tahaojicichenfuqinshangban,qiaoqiaoqufankanfuqindegaojian。tafaxianmeiyifenchenggaoxiamiandouyazhehenduotongyangdegaojian。duibihou,wuzhizhengcaifaxian,yuanlaizhiyaocuoyigezi,huozhenajuhuaxuyaogaidong,fuqinjiuyaozhongxinxieguo。


当时电脑还未普及,包括《黄家驷外科学》在内的许多稿件,吴祖都是一笔一划写在方格纸中,密密麻麻的稿件给吴志正留下了深刻的印象,他也在心里暗下决心,以后无论做什么事都要像父亲那般严谨认真。直到生命最后的时光,吴祖尧还在病房中一边输液,一边修改《黄家驷外科学》的稿件。“反正我是活着干,死了算。”吴祖尧轻描淡写说出的这句话,让四个孩子记到了现在。

         
         

GD真人1992nian,《huangjiasiwaikexue》diwuban,wuzuyaodanrengukefenpianfuzeren

   

1998nian,qiufazuyuanshizaijizhongyifuyiyuananhongjiaoshoudexinzhongxiedao: “《huangjiasiwaikexue》diwubanhuorenminweishengchubansheshoujie‘zuijiashuangxiaoyitushujiang’yidengjiang,wuzuyaojiaoshoushidiwubangukefenbianfuzeren,zuoledalianggongzuo,shenyuexiugailesuoyougukewengao,jinletazuidadenuli……”


GD真人youyuwuzuyaozaikeyanfangmianchengjituchu,1987niantahuodesichuanshengkejijinbuerdengjiang,1990nianhuosichuanshengweishengtingkejijinbuyidengjiang、weishengbukejijinbuerdengjiang,binghuoguojiajiaoweibanfade“chengjixianzhurongyuzhengshu”,1996nianhuozhonghuayixuehuibanfade“duiyixuekexuejixuehuijiansheyoutuchugongxiandezhuanjia”jiangbian(quanguojinyou72weiyixuejiahuocishurong),bingchengweizhongyishoupihuodeguowuyuanzhengfuteshugongxianjintiedezhuanjia。



爱在日常 才不寻常


GD真人wuzuyaoyishengzuixinyugukeshiye,jiangdabufenshijianhejinglidouhuazailegongzuoshang,ranertaquetongshiyongyouyigexianshapangrendexingfujiating。zaisigehaizikanlai,fuqindeaishineilianerhanxude,shirichangshenghuozhongbuyichajuedeyidianyidi。


GD真人doushuofumushihaizizuihaodelaoshi,zaiwujiaxiongmeideshenshangzhenzhengtixianlezheiyidian。tamenshenshangbuzhiliutangzhefumudexuemai,yesanfazhefumudejingshenqizhi,neizhongyijiarenningchengyigushengdeliliangrangrengandong。“yijiarenyaoyongyuanzaiyiqi,xianghubangzhu,xianghufuchi,zheishifuqinhemuqincongxiaojiujiaojiwomenxiongmeide。”tanqifumu,tamenshijingpei、shijiaoao、gengshiganji。“wocongmeijianguoxiangwofumuzheiyangxiangjingxiangaidefuqi,keyishuomeiyoumuqin,jiumeiyoufuqindechenggong。”danverwufanggankaidao,“meiyourennenggouzuodaoxiangmuqinneiyangqulijiefuqin,quanxinquanyizhichitadegongzuo,weitaliaolihaoyiqie。”


   

GD真人60niandai,wuzuyaoyujiarenzaielinggongyuan


GD真人wengekaishihou,wuzuyaoshoudangqichong,chengweifandongxueshuquanweibeidadao。chulezaoqingshi、wanhuibao、beijiandulaodongwai,haiyaomeitianxiejiancha。“neigeshihou,fuqindeshentihejingshendoubeishouzhemo,keshitazongshigenwomenshuo,taxiangxindang、xiangxinguojia,xiangxinyidinghuihaoqilai。”wuzhizhengzhijinrengweifuqinduidangheguojiadezhongchengsuogandong,“buguanzaofanpairuhezhemota,tacongweibaoyuanguoyiju,taxinlishizhongjianshouzheneifenxinnian。”


houlai,wuzuyaohaiyaojieshougelishencha,meitianzhanzheditoubanxiaoshi“fansheng”。qizizhutiaohuajianciqingjingfeichangnanshou,tajiumeitiantongyishijianzaijialidizhetoumomodipeibanzhangfu。xiaonverwuhongbujie,wen: “mama,nizheishizuoshenmeya?”zhutiaohuashuo: “mamashizaiganshounibabadetongku。”shuodaozheili,wujiaxiongmeishanranleixia。


   

wuzuyaohejiarenyiqiweizhushaohuaqingzhu70suishengri


GD真人wengeguohou,wuzuyaoweilebashiqudeshijianmibuhuilai,meitianxiabanhouhuidaojiajixugongzuodaolingchenliangsandian,yanyechoudegenglihaile。wuhonghuiyidao: “neishimuqinyizhizaineijianyanwuliaoraodeshufangzhongpeibanzhefuqin,patachoutaiduoyanshangfei,meitianweitazhuchashuiheyiner,shenzhibashuipenduandaotashuzhuopang,bangtaxilian、xijiao。zaiwuhongkanlai,muqinduifuqinchongmanzhezhenzhideai,“yinweizhiyoutacaizhenzhenglijiefuqindegongzuo,zhidaofuqingongzuodeyiyihejiazhisuozai。”


   

60niandai,wuzuyaoyijiarenzaizhongyifuyiyuanneikedalouqianheying


GD真人“fuqinbujinzhiaitadegukeshiye,gengreaitadejiaren,guanxinwomenxiongmeidechengzhang。”wuzhizhenghuiyi,“woshangxiaoxueshi,ganshanghanyupinyingaiban,fuqinzhaodaoxuexiaodelaoshidangmianqingjiao,xuehuilezailaifudaolaiwo,dengdaodameishangxiaoxueshi,yeshiruci。”xiaonverwuhongcongxiaoxuedaogaozhongdemeiyimenkecheng,wuzuyaodouyaoqinziguowen。“meitianwanshangcong7diandao9dian,jiushifuqinfudaowodeshijian,9dianyihoujiushuyutazijidegongzuoshijian,yizhizheiyangjianchidaowogaozhongbiye。”wuhongshuo,“buguanshishuxue、yuwen、yingyu、huaxue、wuli,fuqinyangyangdoufudaodelai,xianzaixiangxiangfuqinzhendeburongyi。”


   

wuzuyaozaijiagongzuo


chulefudaogongke,wuzuyaoxiwanghaizimendounengyouyijizhizhang,jingchangyaoqingxieshifudaojialilaichuanshouhaizimenyixiejiyi。ertazijiyeduocaiduoyi,mujiang、caifeng、shufa、huihua、sheyingdeng,yangyangdouhui。“fuqinchangshuo,jiduobuyashen,duoxuexiedongxizongshihaode。”wufangyizhijuede,fuqinshiyigeduishenghuochongmanreqingderen,“tahenaigongzuo,yehenaijiaren,tashiwomendejiaoao,yeshiwomendeyikao。”


GD真人wuzuyaoyishengyanjinjingye、buzhengbuqiang、liangxiuqingfeng,tadepinxingyeshenshenyingxiangzhehaizimen。tachangjiaoyuzinvqieji“lan、chan、zhan、tan、bian”。80niandai,fuyiyuanweizhigongfenpeizhufang,dangshidanrenfuyiyuanneikehushizhangdewufangzhengzhunbeijiehun,quekuyumeiyouxinfang,bianxiwangfuqinnengbangmangzhengquyixia。sheiliaowuzuyaosihaomeiyougujinver,fanerqubangzhushiyanshidejishuyuanzhengqu。daole90niandai,wuzuyaoyijingtanhuanzaichuang,yiyuanyaoweijiaoshoumenfenpeizhufang,wuzuyaozaiyicituique,tashuo: “bajihuiliujinianqingrenba,rangtamenwuhouguzhiyoudequfendou。”


wuzuyaoyiguanaicaixicai,duixueshenghenianqingyishengzongshizhaoguyoujia。tadediyigeyanjiushenghuxiaobobiyehouqulewaidigongzuo,wuzuyaoshichangxiexinwenhou,zilixingjianmanshiduixueshengdeguanxinheduirencaidezhongshi。huxiaoboshenshengannianyulaoshideguanhuai,duonianlaiyizhibaoliuzheneixieshuxin。“laoshiduiwodeyingxiangshijudade,taduiwodejiaodaorangwoyishengdouzaishouyi,zhidaoxianzaiwodouzaiyanxuzhedangnianlaoshiweiwoxuandingdeyanjiufangxiang,bingchizheweirenleizaofudechuxin。”


   

80niandai,wuzuyaoyuqiande、zuojingjian、situliang、wangmingqidengbufenxiqiankaituozheheying


1991年,由于长期劳累,吴祖尧终因脑中风而倒下,医生多次要求他必须静卧病床,可他仍GD真人艰难地从病床上爬起来抓紧时间撰写还没有完成的著作。儿女多次恳求劝阻,甚至当时担任护士长的大女儿吴方跪在他的面前恳求他回到病床上去,他都无动于衷。


GD真人buxingdeshidiercizhongfenghenkuaijiezhongerlai。neishiwuzuyaoyijingwanquanbunengzhanli,ketaluguoshiyanshishi,haizhiyiyaoqiujiarenjianglunyitaidaoweiyuwuloudeshiyanshili(dangshishiyandaloumeiyoudianti),quzhidaoyanjiushengwanchengshiyan。


GD真人1996nian,zhongyijuxingjianxiao40zhounianqingzhudahui,cishiwuzuyaoyijingwochuangbuqile,ranertaquejianchiyaojiarenchanfutazuolunyiqucanjia。dangshiyijingshi10yuedi,tianqiyinleng,danxinfuqinshouhandewuzhizhengzhinengjiangtaguodeyanyanshishi。“youyudaowanle,wotuizhefuqinzaizhuxitaihoumian,dangtaishangjiangdaozhongyisuoqudedechengjiyaoganxieshangyixiqiandekaituozheshi,wofaxianfuqinzhengzaijicudichouqi,tayijingshuobuchuhuale。”wuzhizhengshengpingdiyicizhijiandaofuqinliulei,neixinbuyougankaiwanqian,“fuqinjiangyishengdexinxuedoufengxianjilezhongyina!”


zaishengmingdezuihoushike,wuzuyaorengrandianjizhezhongguogukejichukeyanshiyedefazhan,weilejixugongzuo,tagaojiezinvmen,buzhunjiangqibingqingxinxiliuchuanchuqu。zaihoulai,talianlunyidouzuobulele,bianbakeshideguganrenyuanjiaodaochuangqianxunwenkeyanketi、keshifazhandengqingkuang。1997nian10yue18ri,wuzuyaozaijingguozhangshijiandehunmihou,yongyuandishuiqule。erjiuzaiyigeyueqiandejiaoshijie,yutaxieshouzouguobangeshijideqizizhutiaohuayixiantayibulikailerenshi。

   

GD真人wuzuyaoheqizizhutiaohuawannianheying


吴祖尧去世后,全国人大副委员长吴阶平院士和同济医科大学校长裘法祖院士发来悼文: “吴祖尧教授是我国卓越的骨科学专家,在骨科学方面作出杰出的贡献,让我们永远缅怀他。”


       


duonianlai,wuzuyaoweizhongyifuyiyuangukedefazhan、weizuguodeyixueshiyewusiditouzhizhezijideshengming。zongranzaoshoubingmodeshishang,zongranduobuguosuiyuedefengshuang,shijiandenianlunquejiluzhetacengchuangzaodehuihuang。suoweijugongjincui,sierhouyi,zhengshiduiwuzuyaojiaoshouweigukefengxianyishengdezhenshixiezhao!


xinghaihengliu,suiyuechengbei。manmanxiqianlu,xiemanlexiqianrenfendoudeyisheng。dangtaxiangyijingbianchengguxiang,xiqianrendechuxinquecongweigaibian。chiziqinghuai,rexuezhongchang,yiwuzuyaojiaoshouweidaibiaodexiqianxianqumenweizuguodeyixueshiye、weizhongqingyikedaxuedechuangjianfazhanhuisaleyishengderexue。liushinianqian,tamendidadeshizuguodexinanfang,liushinianhou,tamensuozhujiudexiqianjingshendidadequeshiqianqianwanwanhoubeizhongyirendeneixin。jintiandewomen,bijiangjieguoxiqianqianbeishouzhongdehuoju,rangxiqianjingshenzaixindeshidaifayangguangda、zhuzhaosifang!



     

     

鸣谢: 在本文整理过程中,吴祖尧之子吴志正、吴志东,女儿吴方、吴红接受采访并提供大量史料,特此感谢!

本文图片由吴志正、吴志东、吴方、吴红提供

benwenbufenwenzizhengliziyixiazhuzuohewenzhang:

GD真人1. 《sujiangershang yilugaoge》,zhongqingchubanjituan,2017nian

GD真人2. 《weigukeersheng——wuzuyaojiaoshouzizizhuiqiudeyisheng》,lixianfu,2017nian

GD真人3.《zhongqingyikedaxuefushudiyiyiyuanyuanzhi》(1957-2017),zhongqingchubanjituan,2017nian

4. 《xiewoziji》,qiufazu,renminweishengchubanshe,2009nian


     

     


采写/编辑: 宗华月

paiban: huangyongqi



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